Aircraft Trajectory Planning With Collision Avoidance Using Mixed Integer Linear Programming

Arthur Richards and Jonathan P. How
Presented at the IEEE 2002 ACC, May 2002, pp.1936-1941.

This paper describes a method for finding optimal trajectories for multiple aircraft avoiding collisions. Recent developments in spacecraft path-planning have shown that trajectory optimization including collision avoidance can be written as a linear program subject to mixed integer constraints, known as a mixed-integer linear program (MILP). This can be solved using commercial software written for the operations research community. In this paper, an approximate model of aircraft dynamics using only linear constraints is developed, enabling the MILP approach to be applied to aircraft collision avoidance. The formulation can also be extended to include multiple waypoint path-planning, in which each vehicle is required to visit a set of points in an order chosen within the optimization.

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Professor Jonathan P. How
jhow@mit.edu

Arthur Richards

November 24, 2002